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Everything You Need To Know About Shigellosis – The Winter Vomiting Bug

May to September is the peak time for shigellosis to set in, although it is recurrent in the early stages of autumn as well. Commonly known as shigella, this winter vomiting bug affects young children more than adults. Kids normally catch the infection from the bug that thrives on another individual’s feces. Parents need to be vigilant, look out for any sign of the illness, and stay in touch with their pediatrician if their kid exhibits any symptoms. The awful illness is about to strike.

Causes Of Shigellosis

Shigellosis or bacillary dysentery is an infectious disease that’s caused by shigella, a group of bacteria. Shigella Sonnei is supposedly the most common type and makes up for at least two-thirds of the cases. The worst part? It’s alarmingly contagious. The germs are present in the feces of individuals who have diarrhea and exist for almost two weeks after it has been treated. Getting exposed to even a tiny amount of adulterated matter can lead to high levels of infection. Shigellosis is more common in kids, particularly in schools or surroundings. Shigella generally spreads through a fecal-oral route. It gets transmitted through poor hygiene, for instance not cleaning your hands meticulously after using the washroom. The bacteria can be passed on through a direct contact with an infected person or from toilet handles and doorknobs that these individuals have touched. In the United Kingdom, the bacteria gets transmitted through family members or in schools and offices in most of the cases.

Symptoms Of Shigellosis

The symptoms of shigellosis can range from painful stomach cramps, high fever, chronic diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, blood or mucus in the stools, and persistent spells of watery diarrhea. The manifestation of these symptoms may start within three days after a person has come into contact with the bacteria and may continue for nearly five days to a week. This kind of diarrhea can dehydrate an affected individual.

Treatment For Shigellosis

Generally, medication is not necessary as you can get rid of the bug within a week. In severe cases and complications, getting admitted to a hospital is advisable. Medicines that are usually taken to reduce diarrhea must not be used if someone is infected with shigella as the symptoms may show signs of deterioration. To ease out high fever or a headache, paracetamol can prove to be useful. Shigellosis can also be treated with antibiotics. Antibiotic medications are prescribed in cases where the sick person experiences bloody diarrhea. It’s imperative to consult your general physician if your kid develops symptoms of shigellosis. Children who have been affected with the illness are usually advised to stay indoors for a week until medical tests show signs of improvements.

How To Prevent Shigellosis?

Washing your hands meticulously after using the toilet is a must. You can use liquid soap and wash your hands in warm water. Dry them after washing. While using a potty, wear gloves, throw away the contents into the toilet, clean the potty with detergent and hot water in order to kill any germs present, and then leave it to dry. Use disinfectants to clean up the toilets. Wipe the toilet seat, the flush handles, the doorknobs, and the water taps with detergent and hot water. Refrain yourself from sharing towels. Keep away from the kitchen, and don’t cook or serve food to your family members or guests. Avoid going to school, college, or work for at least two days after you have last vomited or been affected with diarrhea. During this crucial time, prevent yourself from making any kind of contact with other people as much as possible.

Food Safety For Preventing Shigellosis

Talking about food safety, a wide range of food items stand the risk of getting contaminated. Consuming rice balls, beans, spinach, chopped turkey, pudding, strawberries, milk, luncheon meat, and raw oysters can cause problems for you. It’s always advisable to keep a safe distance from such food during this critical period. Though shigella is really unpleasant, the degree of its severity is low.

Be on the lookout since your family is your first priority and of utmost importance to you. Never delay taking action when you observe something unusual as far as your child’s health is concerned. Get in touch with a physician as soon as you can.

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