The Treatment For Acute Angina
What are your options if your doctor confirms that your chest pain is caused by blockages in your arteries [angina] and you need to get the blockages treated by a professional? You may have several options for treating the condition of angina. The options can include medications, lifestyle changes, angioplasty, and stenting. We are giving you the benefits and risks associated with the type of treatments that are available.
Firstly it will be essential for you to determine the type of angina you are suffering from because the treatments available are different various types. The most common type of angina is chronic stable angina. This is a condition which causes pain in your chest when your heart is working hard. Another type is known as unstable angina which is a condition where the chest pain continues to worsen even when you are resting. Apart from these two, you could also be suffering from variant angina or microvascular angina and therefore determining the type of angina you are suffering from is essential before you opt for any treatment.
Among the different varieties mentioned unstable angina is considered as a serious condition that requires emergency treatment. The treatment for unstable angina requires hospitalization and medications in order to stabilize your condition with some people suffering from this condition also needing angioplasty which is combined with the placement of a small metal tube which is known as a stent. Some cases of unstable angina may also require coronary bypass surgery.
Why Are Different Treatments Available For Every Type of Angina?
The term angina refers to pain in the chest along with discomfort and pressure and doctors typically describe it as chronic stable angina or unstable angina.
In chronic stable angina or chest pain occurs when your heart is working hard and needs more oxygen but the pain goes away the moment you allow your heart to relax. The pain is only triggered when you physically exert yourself and is consistent. The cause of chronic stable angina is because of narrowed arteries.
You will be advised angioplasty with stenting and medications if you are suffering from chronic stable angina. You may be recommended surgery if the blockage which is causing the chronic stable angina is severe.
In unstable angina, you either begin to have fresh chest pain or begin to feel changes in the pattern of chest pain or discomfort you were usually feeling. The chest pain lasts longer and worsens and does not provide any relief even when medications are taken.
Unstable angina is a dangerous condition and is a warning sign that a heart attack is just around the corner. You should be seeking urgent medical attention in such cases. You may need hospitalization, angioplasty with stents or surgery as required apart from an adjustment of medications.
What Are The Treatment Options For Chronic Stable Angina?
Angioplasty and stenting are the most commonly used procedure to deal with chronic stable angina. This is a procedure when the doctor inserts a tiny balloon into the narrowed artery and inflates the balloon to widen the artery and thereafter inserts a stent to keep the artery open. The procedure is usually safe and is completed within a short time.
Cases of stable angina can also be treated with medications and lifestyle changes. The medications and lifestyle changes can improve the symptoms and save you from the problem of undergoing angioplasty and stenting. However, you will be required to take the medications regularly for the rest of your life. The type of medications used to treat angina includes aspirin, nitrates, beta blockers, statins and various others.
You will also be required to make several lifestyle changes including giving up smoking, having a proper diet, controlling your weight and avoiding the stress of any kind.
The condition of angina is dangerous regardless of whether you are suffering from chronic stable angina or unstable angina and therefore it will be essential for you to obtain medical advice at the earliest.
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