What Are Anxiety Disorders?
Feeling anxious is a trait that everyone has and it is a normal emotion. People can feel nervous when they encounter a problem at work, before appearing for a test or making an important decision. Anxiety disorders, however, are different because they can cause immense distress and interfere with your ability to lead a normal life.
This is a kind of mental disorder which is a serious illness. People who are suffering from anxiety disorders have a single worry and a fear that is constant and overwhelming and can in most cases be disabling. Treatment that is available can give many people an opportunity to manage these feelings and return to a fulfilling life.
What Are The Types of Anxiety Disorders?
There are different types of anxiety disorders including the following:
Panic disorder: people suffering from this condition have feelings of that strike without warning. The other symptoms of a panic attack can include sweating, chest pain, palpitations, and choking. People can feel like they are having a heart attack on going crazy.
Social anxiety disorder: this is also known as social phobia and involves the worry of self-consciousness of everyday social situations. People with social anxiety disorder often worry about being judged by others or behave in a way that may cause embarrassment or look ridiculous.
Specific phobias: these fears are of a specific object or situation and could include heights and flying. The fear displayed is often inappropriate to the situation but may cause the individual to avoid common everyday situations.
Generalized anxiety disorder: in this condition individuals display and excessive and unrealistic worry and tension despite there being little or nothing to provoke the anxiety.
The Symptoms Of Anxiety Disorders
The symptoms of anxiety disorder depend on the type of condition encountered by the individual but some of the common symptoms include:
- Feelings of panic, fear, and uneasiness.
- Problems with sleeping.
- Cold or sweaty hands or feet.
- Heart palpitations.
- Dry mouth.
- Unable to stay still and calm.
- Muscle tension.
- Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet.
- The Causes Of Anxiety Disorders
The exact reasons for anxiety disorders have not been identified but these disorders are similar to other forms of mental illness and are not the result of a personal weakness or poor upbringing. Scientists are continuing their research on this mental illness and it is now becoming clear that they are caused by a combination of factors which include changes in the brain and environmental stress.
The Diagnosis of Anxiety Disorders
Doctors usually begin an evaluation of the patient by asking questions about their medical history if the symptoms of an anxiety disorder are present. No lab tests are currently available to diagnose anxiety disorders but doctors will be performing a physical examination and also use various tests to look for other medical illness or an underlying cause for the symptoms.
The doctor will determine his or her diagnosis on the report of the patient of the intensity and duration of symptoms including any problems which may be faced because of the symptoms and could be interfering with daily functioning. The doctor will also be observing the patient’s attitude and behavior before determining whether the symptoms of the patient and the degree of this function indicate a specific variety of anxiety disorder.
The Treatment For Anxiety Disorders
During the last two decades, significant progress has been made in the treatment of people with anxiety disorders. Although the precise nature of the treatment will depend on the type of disorder a combination of medication and therapies may be used to deal with anxiety disorders. Doctors could decide to use medication, psychotherapy, relaxation therapy, dietary and lifestyle changes and cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of anxiety disorders.
Anxiety disorders are affecting nearly 2.4 million Americans and the need for finding a proper remedy for this condition is significantly gaining in demand. It is highly possible that the research being conducted will bring in a definite remedy for this condition soon.
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