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On Paranoia, Delusion and Schizophrenia

If you’re having some intense fear and anxious feelings or thoughts, then you may be having some signs of paranoia or being delusional. It is actually often related to many mental disorders such as schizophrenia, which is a psychotic disorder that needs to be taken care of as soon as possible. Paranoia often leads to being delusional, it is when you’re starting to have irrational thoughts as well as beliefs and when you won’t be able to believe that none of your thoughts are true because your mind has been set on it.

“Paranoia is an illness I contracted in intuitions. It is not the reason for my sentences to reform school and prison. It is the effect, not the cause.” Jack Henry Abbot

What exactly are the differences of paranoia, being delusional, and having schizophrenia? Let’s break it down, shall we?

PARANOIA

This is actually pretty similar to being delusional since they both include such intense and at the same time irrational suspicion or being skeptical towards things or events, that can actually lead to the feeling of anger, betrayal, as well the sense of fear. People who are most likely to be extremely paranoid tend to have some symptoms that include mistrust, difficulty when it comes to forgiving someone, having a defensive attitude towards imagined criticism, having the fear of being taken advantage of, and of course, having the difficulty to relax.

WHAT CAUSES PARANOIA?

People who are suffering from paranoia have both mental and emotional dysfunction when it comes to reasoning. Some people who are paranoid tend to have experienced certain rejections, or denied and repressed feelings. They most likely experienced certain events in their lives that led to them being extremely paranoid over things. So technically it is somehow a way of severe overthinking caused by previous traumatic events.

“Paranoia reduces anxiety and guilt by transferring to the other all the characteristics one does not want to recognize in oneself, it is maintained by selective perception and recall. We only see and acknowledge those negative aspects of the enemy that support the stereotype we have already created.”Sam Keen

DELUSION

Delusion, on the other hand, is some kind of a made-up belief by a person who firmly insists that it actually is true, even if there is an evidence that it isn’t. However, cultural beliefs and traditions that have no background or any type of proofs, are actually accepted and doesn’t really fit under delusion. People who are somewhat delusional are most likely to be called crazy or simply out of their minds. Other people might find it creepy or hilarious, but it is actually a serious matter that must be attended. The most common types of delusions are grandeur and persecutory delusion.

• Delusion of Grandeur

This is actually one of the symptoms of schizophrenia, but it is actually also included in the list of symptoms of the bipolar disorder as well as the psychotic disorder and dementia or most commonly known as Alzheimer’s. People with the delusion of grandeur are believed to think that they actually have certain talents or inhumane abilities such as super powers.

They also believe that they have discovered things or have found answers to questions that no one knows the answers. People with the delusion of grandeur may also believe that they have a social relationship with a prominent person, just like being a special adviser of the Queen of England or the Secret best friend of the President.

• Delusion of Persecution

This is where a person with the delusion of persecution actually believes that there may be a person or people out there who are planning something to harm them in any possible way, even if there is a significant evidence that says otherwise. A person with the delusion of persecution actually may believe that a certain neighbor, relative or basically anyone is plotting to kill them, or is planning on poisoning their food. These are not just examples but real scenarios that are going on a delusional person’s mind.

CAUSES OF DELUSION

The cause of delusion is pretty much the same as the cause of paranoia, it just differs with the severity of the case. However, the delusion disorder can actually be genetic since it can actually lead to schizophrenia. It may also be a biological factor, since there might be some abnormalities from certain areas of the brain.

 

SCHIZOPHRENIA

People who actually have schizophrenia tend to have multiple symptoms that involves the changes when it comes to their behavior, personality, perception, abilities, and their way of thinking. It may be sudden and severe at the same time. Delusions and hallucinations are just two of the most common symptoms of schizophrenia

CAUSES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

Schizophrenia can be caused by genetics as well, it can actually run in families. Parents who have schizophrenia may pass it down to their children.

Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent schizophrenia, however, if you know anyone who is showing the signs and symptoms, it is best to get them treated as soon as possible, to actually avoid or reduce the hospitalization as well as the frequent relapses, and of course the disruption of the person’s life as well as his or her family’s.

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